27 • Three Horned Heads of Mouflons

Ancient Bactria, mid–3rd millennium BC
Size: 13 × 13 cm
Copper alloy overlaid with gold

These three horned heads are identical to those excavated in 1937 at Tepe Hissar in north-east Iran, part of the sixty objects making up the so-called ‘Treasure I’ of Hissar. All of them are believed to have come from Bactria, c. 2500 BC, according to stratification, and illustrate the contacts between different communities and the trade between them.

Published: O. Bopearachchi, C. Landes, C. Sachs, De l’Indus à l’Oxus. Archéologie de l’Asie Centrale, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Montpellier, 2003, no. 18 a, b, c